POPULATION No 2 — 2011 (April-June)


------------- DEMOGRAPHY


Childhood as potential for socio-demographic development of Russia

Key words: assessment of the potential and quality of childhood; health; education; physical development; socialization of the young generation.

The article formulates the main directions of social policy, realization of which is today critically urgent from the point of demography, economy, and policy. The purpose is to ensure raising the children’s qualitative potential in the context of their number reduction. In this connection the primary task is improvement of their health state from the moment of birth, then comes education and, finally, socialization of the young generation, as the basis for elaboration of a systematic Programme of the state policy regarding children and youth. The problems of social reformation of modern society, transformation of socio-economic behaviour, moral values, quality of life, priority of psychosocial factors in formation of health require taking immediate multidisciplinary measures.



Consumer societies: systemic and total character of the crisis

Key words: consumer societies; systemic character of the crisis; comforts of life; social spirituality and social reality.

The continuous process of expansion of new needs becomes a key characteristic feature of the post-industrial economy. Consumption turns from the use of goods for satisfaction of the vital activity needs into the vital activity proper. In the process of social interaction it becomes a factor of identity construction. Man lives only to consume, but not visa versa: consumes to live. The rise in the comforts of life leads to changes in the role of consumption processes in the society: there is movement from the category of satisfaction of needs to the category of making choice. The article considers 12 cases demonstrating the consumption crisis.

------------- EU DEMOGRAPHY


European Union enlargement under the conditions of the present demographic reality: trends and perspectives

Key words: European Union; enlargement; migration; population ageing.

The European Union is presently the largest integrated association in the world uniting 27 states. This is a powerful organization from the point of its demographic potential and socio-economic development. The European Union is characterized by permanent enlargement. It 'absorbs' more and more new states from different regions. The process of the EU enlargement is called for by a number of causes, but it is believed that among them are dominating economic and geopolitical ones. The article examines demographic factors of the EU enlargement.



Social aspects of suicidal behaviour

Key words: socio-economic factors; suicidal behaviour; demography; health; region.

The purpose of the presented work was to assess the structure of emotional disorders fraught with suicide (on the example of the Republic of Karelia), their interconnection with socio-economic and climatic factors in order to develop algorithms for diagnosing and preventing this negative phenomenon. The study is based on clinical records of the patients of the Republican psychoneurologic dispensary in the city of Petrozavodsk, who have made one or more suicide attempts within the past 5 years. With application of mathematical methods there were identified common features of all suicidents, as well as the factors bringing about suicidal behaviour.

------------- SOCIAL INSURANCE


Essence and contents of the social protection of working population

Key words: social protection; social support; social assistance; employment; economically active population; labour market.

The article analyses the present definitions of the essence and contents of the notions of social protection and social support (assistance) of population, which are used in the Russian legislative acts, but are not synonyms. Therefore, they need to be made more concrete and more precise in order to avoid misinterpretation of the essence of the state normative acts. The author offers his own definition of the notion of social protection.

------------- EDUCATION


Specific features of the development of the Russian education system

Key words: quality of education; universal accessibility; development of economy; modernization; science city; National Project Education, Bologna system; modernization of education.

The issues of the education quality and universal accessibility, possible directions of its development arouse more disputes and contradictions in the Russian society, than support. There is no doubt that education should be a priority in Russia, for it is an important element in changing the course of economic development — from the resources-based to innovation economy. It is evident that the change in the course of the country economic development cannot be ensured only by theoretical propositions for modernization, construction of science cities, etc. It is necessary to modernize the whole system of training specialists at all levels. Certain steps in this direction have already been made by the state, such as: implementation of the National project Education, elaboration of the Federal targeted programme for development of education, introduction of the Bologna system, transition to the unified state examinations at schools (not only by leaving school but also at different stages of studying), etc. The present work examined perception of the modern education system by three target groups: teachers, students and employers. In the view of the authors, these groups are most of all interested in modernization of the education so that it would answer the modern requirements, become more qualitative and effective.



Children in family

Key words: family; children; parents; system of values; moral and economic obligations; social values of family; upbringing and education.

The article deals with the specifics of relationships between children and parents in Russian families from the point of the economic relations within family, as well as the set of values determining the moral and economic obligations of parents to children and of children to parents. It also analyses fertility and its connection to accessibility of social and economic resources. It is found out that fertility is regulated by the impact of the number of children in family on the quality of each child. The sought-for level of quality is determined by social aims of family and is attained by means of care, upbringing and education provided to a child. The article also proposes some feasible measures for raising fertility, which can be successful.



Social responsibility in the system of regulation of social and labour relations: a new conceptual approach

Key words: social and labour relations; social partnership; private business; governmental bodies; trade unions; social responsibility and its national models; non-financial accounting.

The article considers the importance of social responsibility in the system of regulation of social and labour relations in Russia. The concept of such responsibility is based on three main theoretical blocks, and each of them is given a short characteristic. The author also introduces a new definition of social responsibility in the system of social partnership.



Responsibility of the youth for health

Key words: responsibility; sense of responsibility; hyper-responsibility; health; behaviour; life values; men; women; statistics; analysis.

The author considers the issue of responsibility for health that is an integral element of the new paradigm of health psychology, through analysis of the factors affecting the sense of responsibility in the groups under observation. She presents the research results confirming statistically significant difference in the sense of responsibility shown by men and women. It was found out that higher level of responsibility is characterized by a greater care for own health.


Socio-cultural perspectives of health and illness

Key words: man; needs; wellness; quality of life; health; illness; life; death; values; existence; multi-dimensional; ecological; economic; cultural; social; biopsychosocial.

The author considers the multi-dimensional notion of health as being one of the most complicated and existentially important criteria characterizing the quality of life. The topic of the work is connected with the anthropological and existential idea of man and his specifically normal and healthy functioning. In this sense, not only certain structures of men’s organism are taken ill, but man as a whole. Thus the problematic of men’s health and illness comes closer to the situations of real life, i. e. to the circumstances of positive and negative trials.


Substantiation of the Concept for shaping a new model of modern social policy

Key words: social policy; well-being; market relations; income; wage; social protection; quality of life; regulation of population incomes.

The article analyses the goals of the present Russian social policy and the tasks for its improvement. It considers the state duty in this sphere to maintain social stability in the country, to encourage entrepreneurship and highly effective work of employees, as well as the economic character and role of the social standards of living levels, income, and work remuneration.